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Analysis of Current and Future Water Demand Situation in Gondar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia

Water scarcity will affect the majority of the world's countries by 2025. The majority of developing countries in Africa and Asia are severely impacted by issues related to access to clean and safe potable drinking water. Water production and demand are unbalanced, and as a result of the continuous interruption of the water supply system, residents are experiencing water-related problems. Clean water resources are becoming scarce as a result of climate change and population growth. The main objective of the study is to analyze the current and future water demand situation in the Gondar city administration. In this study, the researcher used a cross-sectional research design based on the ground that helps advantageous to collect details of data from organizational reports of Gondar city water and sanitation office and Gondar city municipal in a short period of time. All data used in this study were secondary obtained from Gondar city water supply and sanitation offices daily, monthly and annual reports and from Gondar city municipal. Secondary research or desk research data analysis methods were used to achieve the study's general and specific objectives. The data obtained from secondary sources has been combined and presented in the form tables, charts, and figures combined with empirical evidence. A quantitative study was carried out in this research. The secondary sources include the National Water and Sanitation authority of Ethiopia, Gondar city Gondar city water supply and sanitation offices, and Gondar city municipality, Total population covered by the public water supply system, Per capita water demand per day, Design capacity and actual water production of Gondar public water supply system, and daily operational hours of public water supply system. Analysis of the current conditions was completed by evaluating the performance of the current water supply. The result was showing all water source were produced under their capacity because of detail study problem, management problem, energy inconsistency, seasonality of precipitation, electromechanically inefficiency, high migration to the city and high urbanization rate. The future water demand for casting were did from 2021-2034 the results again show that their water demand and supply imbalance will continue until 2029. Because of high population growth rate and urbanization expansion. Based on the present water design of the city the water balance between demand and supply will fully recovery after 2029. In generally to fill the gap between demand and water supply the city water supply and sanitation office should give attention to solve water scarcity of the Gondar city in the coming 12 years.

Current and Future, Water Demand, Situation

Workneh Ayall Negash, Ashenafi Bekele Mulatu, Menberu Teshome. (2023). Analysis of Current and Future Water Demand Situation in Gondar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia. American Journal of Applied Scientific Research, 9(3), 115-129.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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