Volume 1, Issue 2, November 2015, Page: 10-17
Monitoring the Effect of Lead Acetate on Histopathological Changes in Barbus Sharpeyi
Inam B. Faleh, College of Veterinary Medicine, University Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Noor M. Salman, College of Veterinary Medicine, University Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Abd-Almotalib J. Al-Rudainy, College of Veterinary Medicine, University Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Ali J. Shubber, College of Veterinary Medicine, University Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Received: Sep. 27, 2015;       Accepted: Oct. 8, 2015;       Published: Oct. 15, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajasr.20150102.12      View  3404      Downloads  71
Abstract
The present study was carried out to determine the effect of lead acetate on histopathological changes in Bunni (Barbus sharpeyi), as well as the description of fish behavior. A total of 300 fingerlings were used in the laboratory of fish diseases in the College of Veterinary Medicine - University of Baghdad for the period between 1/3 to 1/6/2013. Fish were distributed randomly into four treatments in addition to control group. First treatment (T1) contained lead acetate 0.42 mg/l with replacement water aquarium entirely per two days and added lead acetate continuously, the second treatment (T2) contained lead acetate 0.42mg/l with replacement water aquarium entirely per two days without adding lead acetate, third treatment (T3) contained lead acetate 0.21mg/l with replacement water aquarium entirely per two days and adding lead acetate continuously, fourth treatment (T4) contained lead acetate 0.21mg/l with replacement water aquarium entirely per two days without adding lead acetate. In order to estimate LC50 used 120 fingerlings of B. sharpeyi, were exposed to 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 mg/l. The LC50 of lead acetate was 4.24 mg/l for 72h. of exposure. Fish behavior showed abnormalities after exposure to the various lead acetate concentrations such as swimming disorders, the fish tended together at the surface, fast movement, aggregate in aquarium border, weakness, with increasing in the speed of movement of the operculum, of T1,T2 and T3 and decreasing in feeding process in T1 and T3. Histopathological changes were detected in gills characterized by lamellar fusion, lifting of secondary lamella. The main findings in liver tissue are hydropic swelling and fatty degeneration of some hepatocytes, focal or diffuse necrosis. Kidney showed varying degrees of tubular necrosis with severe congestion together with melanomacrophage infiltration. Spleen observed severe destruction in spleen, parenchyma, and severe reduction in hemopoitic tissue.
Keywords
Barbus Sharpeyi, Lead Acetate, Histopathology
To cite this article
Inam B. Faleh, Noor M. Salman, Abd-Almotalib J. Al-Rudainy, Ali J. Shubber, Monitoring the Effect of Lead Acetate on Histopathological Changes in Barbus Sharpeyi, American Journal of Applied Scientific Research. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2015, pp. 10-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ajasr.20150102.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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